Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, according to the Center for Disease Control. Graham Regional Medical Center would like to educate the community on the importance of diabetes screenings and treatment.
“There are 20.8 million Americans living with diabetes,” said Michelle Hall, MSN Chief Nurse Executive at Graham Regional Medical Center. “Nearly one third of them are unaware they have the disease and we want to lower that number.”
Diabetes mellitus, typically referred to as diabetes, is a disease that causes the pancreas to alter the production of insulin – an important hormone that converts sugar and starches into energy the body needs. If the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, then the amount of sugar in the blood rises uncontrollably, causing a deadly health risk.
Avoiding fatal health risks associated with diabetes is possible with proper education and by taking preventative measures. “While diabetes is not curable, most symptoms can be controlled with proper care,” Hall explained. “The disease is often discovered during routine physical exams, typically with blood tests.”
Warning signs of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, drowsiness and itching, blurred vision, excessive weight, tingling in the extremities, fatigue, and skin infections. Other signs include slow healing of cuts and scratches, especially on the feet.
If your family has a history of diabetes, you are at a greater risk of developing diabetes.
People at the highest risk of diabetes are those who are overweight, those with diabetic relatives, and those over the age of 35. Statistics also show that women are at a higher risk for diabetes.
Hartgraves said that diabetes is actually a family of diseases which have an impact on virtually all systems of the human body.
“The statistics are frightening! Diabetes can decrease life expectancy by approximately one-third,” Hartgraves explained. “It is now the leading cause of blindness. Diabetics are 17 times more prone to kidney disease, five times more prone to tissue infections like gangrene, and twice as prone to heart disease and strokes.”
As with other health problems, everyone can benefit from a yearly physical. Screening for diabetes for those who fall in the high risk categories should be done every year. Diabetes can be controlled through a proper diet, exercise, medication, and proper rest.
Graham Regional Medical Center has a registered dietitian that is available for diet counseling once a physician has determined that a patient is diabetic. The dietitian can work with patients one-on-one to develop a strict diet program.
Most insurance programs require a physician order before diet counseling will be covered by the plan.
For more information about diabetes or to schedule a screening, please call Graham Regional Medical Clinic at 940-549-3400.